LOCATE ANY BANK BRANCH IN INDIA
Maharashtra has a long history of commercial
activity since ages because of its strategic location in Indian sub continent
and its large natural resources.
Maharashtra has been a progressive region and the Banking activity was also started in this region quite early. Historically speaking, the Bank of Bombay established in 1840 was the first Commercial Bank in Maharashtra. However, the first commercial bank set up in Maharashtra outside Mumbai was The Poona Bank established in 1889 at Pune followed by The Deccan Bank in 1890 and the Bombay Banking Company in 1898.
Outbreak of the First World War leading to great depression took a heavy toll on banks in India. Between 1914 and 1935 as many as 380 banks failed in the country out of which 54 were based in Bombay province. The impact of these failures was felt more in Maharashtra region because certain banks known for a long time were also closed down.
The effects of great depression started fading and new enterprises began emerging with new hopes in all spheres of economy, including banking.
Need felt for an Independent Bank for Maharashtra
The Mahratta Chamber of Commerce (MCC) was
established in Poona in 1934 and its Founder Secretary Shri A.R.Bhat was a
Shri Bhat initiated for a comprehensive review of banking services available in the region through the special issue of Kesari news paper released in memory of Lokmanya Tilak within a few months of establishment of MCC. He ensured that his friend, Shri V. P.Varde, considered as a doyen of co-operative movement, wrote an article on the necessity of a separate bank for Maharashtra, thus launching a public discussion on the subject. While there was no noticeable response to the article of Shri Varde, Shri A R Bhat kept on discussing the subject with leaders in Trade and Industry.
Shri Bhat ensured that Mahratta Chamber and its Directors took up the issue and held a Conference on Business and Industry in Poona on behalf of the MCC in February1935.
"For providing capital to the trade and industry in Maharashtra, it is essential to establish a Joint Stock commercial bank. The Mahratta Chamber is, therefore, requested to make all the necessary enquiries in that behalf and take appropriate steps for floating such a bank. The business community in Maharashtra is urged to support such an effort. "
The Swadeshi movement of the first decade of the 20th Century gave stimulus to the establishment of a number of commercial banks under Indian Management in Maharashtra.
The MCC formed a sub-committee consisting of Sarvashri V.G.Kale, D.K.Sathe, N.G.Pawar, G.D.Apte and A.R.Bhat to work out the details.
The first meeting of the committee was held on 19 May 1935 in the conference room of the Kesari Mahratta office and besides the committee members, prominent personalities from the City like Shri Babasaheb Kamat, the then President of the MCCI, J S.Karandikar, Rajabhau Godbole, Govindrao Pandit, Damuanna Potdar, S.R.Sardesai, Baburao Gokhale, and N.N. Kshirsagar among others participated in deliberations.
Another meeting of the sub committee with wider public representation was followed on 27 May 1935 in the meeting hall of Kesari Mahratta office and decisions on matters like the number of Directors on the Board of the proposed bank (maximum to be 11 members), Amount of each share (to be Rs.50/-) and primary condition for becoming a Director (to hold a minimum of 500 shares) were taken.
What is IFSC Code
IFSC is short for Indian Financial System Code and represents the 11 digit character that you can usually see on your bank’s cheque leaves, or other bank sponsored material. This 11 character code helps identify the individual bank branches that participate in the various online money transfer options like NEFT and RTGS.
How to find IFSC Code?
Ways to find IFSC codes
- IFSC code can be found on cheque leaf and bank passbook of the respective bank.
- Banks and respective branch list of IFSC codes can be obtained from Reserve Bank of India’s website.
- The IFSC code of a particular bank can also be found on the banks’ official website.
Benefits of IFSC Code
Benefits of IFSC Code are :
- Helps to identify a Bank and its respective branch
- Eliminates errors in the process of fund transfer
- Transfers done with IFSC such as NEFT, RTGS and IMPS are accurate
What is MICR Code
MICR or Magnetic Ink Character Recognition Code is a 9 digit code used for faster processing of cheques. MICR number is also unique for every bank branch, hence it helps in uniquely identifying the bank and branch participating in an Electronic Clearing System (ECS). MICR Code like IFSC is a combination of 3 essential components:
- The first 3 digits represent the city code.
- The middle 3 represent the particular bank code.
- The last 3 digits represent the specific branch code
Benefits of MICR Code
Benefits of MICR Codes are:
MICR code enables efficient, quick and error-free processing of cheques. This is possible with magnetic ink, reading machines and technology used in MICR.
Difference between IFSC and MICR code
ink character recognition code (MICR) is a technology that enables faster
processing of cheques by recognizing unique characters printed on the cheque.
MICR consists of a 9 digit code. The
first three digits of the MICR code represent the city, the next three give the
bank code and the last three digits denote the branch of the bank. Similar to
an IFSC code, every branch of a bank has a specific MICR code. While IFSC is
used for online fund transactions, MICR is used for cheques.
Let’s understand the difference between IFSC and MICR